Benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, retinoids (e.g. tretinoin), and antibiotics are common chemicals in topical treatments, which are applied directly to the skin to help unclog pores, reduce inflammation, and eliminate acne-causing germs.
Doxycycline, minocycline, or erythromycin are examples of oral antibiotics that may be prescribed by dermatologists to decrease bacterial growth and inflammation in situations of moderate to severe acne.
Exfoliating the skin with a chemical solution can help clear out clogged pores, calm redness, and diminish the look of scarring from acne.
Acne can be treated and oil production decreased with the use of light therapy, specifically with photodynamic therapy (PDT) and other light-based treatments.
Whiteheads and blackheads can be removed manually by a dermatologist or other skilled specialist to unclog pores and reduce inflammation.
Acne scars can be reduced using laser treatments, and active acne may be tamed as well.
Some people with mild acne prefer to treat it with natural therapies such as tea tree oil, aloe vera, or green tea extract.